Theoretical concepts underpinning the flow through pipes.
Procedure of measurement of frictional loss in pipes
Examine the variables of measurement.
Establish the relationship between measured and calculated frictional loss.
Graphs and calculations used to obtain the calculated values of friction factor (use the measured variables give below).
Sample calculations for at least one typical data point.
Discussion comparing the experimental and theoretical values friction factor giving possible reasons for any differences if they occur.