1. Title (main and subtitle) 2. Introduction (roadmap of the paper): topic/scope and thesis statement 3. Main text: arguments and evidences; minding the relevance between each paragraph, in relation with the whole argument; transitional terms; one idea in one paragraph 4. Scholarship: in order to emphasize the significance of the paper 5. Conclusion 6. Work-cited (Chicago Author-Date) 1912- present day Research Question: How the economic, political, and social factors influenced cartography in China from 1912- present day. It is okay to have a couple of pictures in the paper.