psychology :Baas, De Dreu, & Nijstad, 2011

Study 1

Baas et al. (Baas, De Dreu, & Nijstad, 2011) theorise that angry states are also beneficial to creativity, with the generation of ideas having a relationship to competitiveness and frustration. However, so far researchers have been unable to find evidence as to why anger states are more stimulating for creativity than other negative states such as sadness, and propose that time is an important factor. An angry state is observed to have a shorter duration than sad or depressive states and so offer an argument for short, sharp bursts of creativity. And yet, creative persons are deemed as being more gregarious and sociable overall with increased levels of extraversion. Furthermore, Srivastava & Ketter (2010) found that both persons diagnosed with a bipolar disorder and involved within a creative profession have strong positive relationships between creativity aspects predicted by the personality trait openness to experience. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to explore the relationship between the personality traits of Emotional Creativity and Openness to Experience. The study employed the Emotional Creativity Inventory (ECI), (Averill, 1999) and Goldberg’s Openness to Experience Scale (OE), (Goldberg, 1999) with data gained from a sample of one hundred participants (N = 100)

THE RAW DATA CAN BE FOUND IN THE STUDY 1 FOLDER IN THE ASSESSMENT AREA OF THE MODULE.

i. What type of research design is this study? (1)

ii. Name the variables in this study. (2)

iii. StatethepredictiveNullHypothesis(H0)(1)

iv. CreateaWordtableofdescriptivestatisticsforthesedatawithanappropriate title. Does the data meet assumptions of normality? (2)

v. Create a scatterplot to explore the relationship between the two variables (this can be copied and pasted from SPSS) with an appropriate title and a regression line included. (2)

vi. Conductanappropriateinferentialtestandprovidethedetailsandreportthe results of this statistical analysis in APA format. Provide a brief interpretation of these results. Do they support or reject the null hypothesis? (4)

3

Study 2

The psychological construct of individual lability has gained great interest within individual difference research. It is proposed that individual lability is the opposite of ‘stability’ within various psychological, cognitive, emotional and physiological functions resulting in an ‘ease of change’ (Stanford, 1978; Braud, 1980). However, at this time, it is unclear if individual lability is impacted by gender differences. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to explore possible gender differences in individual lability, assessed by the Revised Lability Scale (RLS), (Drennan, Roe, & Collings, 2015), using a sample of one hundred participants (N = 100).

THE RAW DATA CAN BE FOUND IN THE STUDY 2 FOLDER IN THE ASSESSMENT AREA OF THE MODULE.

I. What type of research design is this study? (1)

II. What is the independent variable (IV) and what levels does it have? (2)

III. What is the dependent variable (DV)? (1)

IV. State the predictive Null Hypothesis (H0) (1)

V. Create a table in Word to report the descriptive statistic values for the data

with an appropriate title and following APA format. Does the data meet assumptions of normality? (2)

VI. Conduct an appropriate inferential test of the null hypothesis and provide the details and report the results of this statistical analysis using APA format. Provide a brief interpretation of these results. Do they support or reject the null hypothesis? (4)

4

Study 3

However, in order to explore individual lability and gender further, the researcher also decided to explore if the association between the categories of male and female golfers and levels of lability (low, medium, high) would be significant within a larger sample, (N = 213)

Table 3.

Table showing the frequency of males and females in relation to the level of lability (low, moderate, high)

Gender

Lability

Frequency

Male

Low

33

Female

Low

15

Male

Medium

43

Female

Medium

80

Male

High

10

Female

N

High

32 213

i. State the Null hypothesis(H0) (1)

ii. Create a clustered bar chart (this can be copied and pasted from SPSS), with an appropriate title. (2)

iii. Conduct an appropriate inferential test of the null hypothesis and provide the details and report the results of this statistical analysis using APA format. Provide a brief interpretation of these results. Do they support or reject the null hypothesis? (4)

 

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