Political Science 5

1.  Ambition must be made to counteract ambition is most closely linked toa. pluralism     b. elitism     c. socialism    d. pacifism2.  An example of an interest group which pursues its goals primarily through litigation is thea. ACLU     b. American Tobacco Institute  c. AARP     d. Veterans of Foreign Wars3.  One criticism of the pluralistic viewpoint of interest groups is that the theory isa. elitistb. amoralc. focuses on overall public interestd. None of the above4.  C. Wright Mills believed that if pluralism exists, ita. consists entirely of political interest groupsb. really consists of competing groups of elitesc. involves the massesd. involves predominantly blue-collar workers5.  According to David Truman, a moderating influence on interest group politics isa. socializationb. multiple/overlapping membershipsc. potential interest groupsd. All of the above6.  Which of the following roles do interest groups fulfill?a. Supplement Congressional representationb. Initiate ideasc. Perform a watchdog functiond. All of the above7.  Interest groups differ from political parties in thata. interest groups promote their goals by running candidates for elected officeb. interest groups seek direct control of the governmentc. interest groups seek responsibility for the management of governmentd. interest groups seek to influence government rather than nominating candidates foroffice8.  Which of the following is considered an “economic” interest group?a. Sierra Clubb. American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)c. National Right to Life Committeed. Public Citizen9.  Which of the following is considered a “single-issue” interest group?a. Sierra Clubb. American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)c. National Right to Life Committeed. Public Citizen10.  Which of the following is considered a “citizen” interest group?a. American Medical Associationb. National Beer Wholesalers Associationc. National Right to Life Committeed. Public Citizen11.  “Climate control” is the label applied to interest group tactics whicha. use public outreach to build favorable public opinion of the organization or companyb. seek to personally persuade political leaders to support the group’s positionc. provide financial aid or other forms of support for favored office seekersd. are more commonly known as peaceful protests12.  The practice of organizing citizens to exert direct pressure on public officials in support ofan interest group’s policy preferences is known asa. grassroots mobilizationb. grass tops mobilizationc. Astroturf lobbyingd. coalition formation13.  Which of the following organizations spent the most money lobbying government duringthe last 15 years?a. U.S. Chamber of Commerce     b. AT&T     c. General Motors     d. AARP14.  The filing of amicus curiae briefs is one form of lobbyinga. the President     b. Congress     c. the courts     d. All of the above15.  Which of the following most closely reflects pluralism?a. Politics is ambition countering ambitionb. Politics is a quest for a just and moral societyc. Individual fulfillment and social good are one and the samed. People without rules could produce a community free of strife16.  Which of the following can be said of pluralism?a.  It is a philosophical commitment to diversity.b.  Implicit in a pluralistic philosophy is disdain  for difference.c.  Pluralism respects difference, which translates to civility.d.  A and C but not B17.  As discussed in theDemocracy in Crisis podcast, “individual agency”a.  is the result of the state governments possessing too much power.b.  is achieved when people are engaged in participating in public policy debate.c.  is encouraged by wealthy interest groups which become involved in electoral politics.d.  is dangerous to democracy because unqualified people would influence policy.18.   TheDemocracy in Crisispodcast pointed out the following crisis in U.S. democracy:a.  political polarizationb.  rise in wealthy, powerful interest groupsc.  “vetocracy”d.  All of the above.e.  A and B but not C.Political Science


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