- UTI is short form for Urinary tract infection. Means infection which affects organs of urinary tract. Such as urethra, urinary bladder and kidney. This are main organ for formation of urine and helps to expel it out of body.
- Kidneys, urethra and urinary bladder gets affected during Urinary tract infection. Generally infection begins with urethra then travels to kidney.
When only lower part gets affected which is called lower UTI also cystitis because involves bladder
And when infection spread to upper side involving kidneys known as pyelonephritis.
- Microorganism in UTI
- Coli bacteria lives in intestine. So they also seen near anal canal. From which gets transferred to urethra.
- Bacteria enters urinary tract from urethra. In very less cases kidney gets infected by blood stream.
Signs and symptoms:
- A) Pain with urination:
The infection cause inflammation of urinary tract, the urine from the inflammed urinary tract cause pain in urination.
- B) orange or red colour urine:
The inflammation of urinary tract may cause a orange or red colour urine. It is common sign in UTI due to inflammation of urinary tract.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) any infection on the urinary tract causing difficult in urination. It most commonly affects the woman because thet are more prone to it.
Diagnosis And treatment:
- A) The diagnostic test for UTI:
The two major diagnostic test for UTI are:
Urine is collected from the patient who came for test. This test shows the bacterial or any infectious organism in the urine.
The collected urine sample is added to the substance which promotes the growth of the organism in the urine.
If the growth is organism doesn’t takes place then the test is negative.
If the organism growth in the urine takes place then the test is positive.
The sound waves from the transducer of ultra produce a imaging of the internal organs.
Patient lower abdomen is scanned by ultra sound to detect any abnormality in the organs and structures of urinary tract.
- B)The medications for UTI are antibiotics or antimicrobial.
The two drugs are amoxicillin, sulfasulfamethaxazole.
Both of these drugs act on UTI by fighting against the microorganisms in the UTI. By assisting the immune system, it fight against the microorganisms and that relieves the symptoms of UTI.
answer. a) In women at the time of pregnancy the drainage system from the kidney towards bladder become wide, hence, urine does not pass out as quickly. This makes it easier to get an infection. Similarly women has shorter urethra than a man have, the shorter distance make the way easy to bacteria to travel into the bladder.
- b) There are no of ways by which women can reduce the risk of getting UTI. Like women should drink plenty of water this will help of getting rid from UTI, a women should protect their urethra by not spraying ferfumes, bubble bath, by not using bath oil. Sexual intercourse also irritates the urethra and is also one of the reasons that sexually active women are more liable to UTIs